Regular tests

Manage your diabetes

Eye tests

People with diabetes have an increased risk of developing serious eye conditions which, if left untreated, can lead to poor vision and blindness.

These conditions can include:

  • retinopathy
  • cataracts
  • macular oedema
  • glaucoma

However, up to 98% of serious vision loss from diabetes can be prevented with regular eye examinations and early treatment. The earlier the treatment, the better the result, which is why it is important for you to have your eyes regularly checked by an eye care specialist.

How often should I have this test?

You should have an eye examination by an eye care professional when you are first diagnosed with diabetes and then at least every two years after that.

What does this check involve?

Your optometrist will perform an examination of your eyes, including an examination of the back of the eyes (retina).

This will involve giving you some eye drops to dilate your pupils and taking photographs of the retina.

If they detect retinopathy or another condition, you may be referred to an ophthalmologist (a medical eye specialist). You will also need to have your eyes checked more often.

See our factsheets for more information on diabetes and eye health.

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